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In getting ready this text, I originally thought that I would make the case that the Sandinistas made some "mistaken strikes" as if in a chess recreation and that this was what led to their defeat. In reviewing much of the historical material, nonetheless, I have come to a different conclusion. They anticipated a victorious Contra military in command of Managua, with US Marine backing, in fact. The left tends to see counterrevolution in black and white phrases. The word summons up images of right-wing armies storming working- class neighborhoods and taking pictures down socialist and commerce unionist leaders.It just isn't exhausting to think of the overthrow of the Paris Commune, Chiang Kai-chek's attack on Shanghai in 1927 or Pinochet's 1973 coup in Chile on this way.However, counterrevolution can are available in shades of grey as well. Sometimes the very forces that made the revolution, or an element of them, could be responsible for counterrevolution. As Michael Luftmensch identified the opposite day, the FLN liberated Algeria from the French and subsequently acted as a brake on the revolution.It is astonishing to see a Marxist organization ignore the method that Marx himself utilized in explaining counterrevolution within a revolution. Marx used the phenomenon of Thermidor to explain the retreat of the French revolution in the many years following 1789. Class relations in France favored a consolidation of bourgeois rule inside the context of monarchical types.Nicaragua, just like the USSR, lacked the technical and social circumstances to transform Nicaraguan agriculture. click through the following post They lacked both the coaching and the experience to administer public affairs.Being a great soldier doesn't mean that you can be a good administrator. The biggest downside Nicaragua faced was its incapability to move people into most of these positions. In order to understand the objective factors which led to this defeat, it isn't useful to check Nicaragua to Cuba.When such breakthroughs didn't materialize, the revolution went right into a steep decline. Lenin was all too painfully aware of the precarious state of affairs the USSR confronted back then. Trotsky used Thermidor to explain the victory of Stalin within the USSR. He rejected the concept there was something unique about Stalin's character that would explain his success. His victory emerged out of fixing social relations within the USSR.